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Space (Super Explorers) Super Explorers Space (Super Explorers) free txt
v t e The Solar System The Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Ceres Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Haumea Makemake Eris Planets Terrestrial planets Mercury Venus Earth Mars Giant planets Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Dwarf planets Ceres Pluto Haumea Makemake Eris Rings Jovian Saturnian(Rhean) Charikloan Chironean Uranian Neptunian Moons 1 Terrestrial (Moon) Other near-Earth objects 2 Martian Phobos Deimos 69 Jovian Ganymede Callisto Io Europa all 62 Saturnian Titan Rhea Iapetus Dione Tethys Enceladus Mimas Hyperion Phoebe all 27 Uranian Titania Oberon Umbriel Ariel Miranda all 14 Neptunian Triton Proteus Nereid all 5 Plutonian Charon Nix Hydra Kerberos Styx 2 Haumean Hiiaka Namaka 1 Makemakean (S/2015 (136472) 1) 1 Eridian (Dysnomia) Lists Solar System objects By size By discovery date Minor planets Gravitationally rounded objects Possible dwarf planets Natural satellites Comets Small Solar System bodies Meteoroids Minor planets moons Comets Damocloids Mercury-crossers Venus-crossers Venus trojans Near-Earth objects Earth-crossers Earth trojans Mars-crossers Mars trojans Asteroid belt Asteroids first discovered: Ceres Pallas Juno Vesta Families Notable asteroids Kirkwood gap Main-belt comets Jupiter trojans Jupiter-crossers Centaurs Saturn-crossers Uranus trojans Uranus-crossers Neptune trojans Cis-Neptunian objects Trans-Neptunian objects Neptune-crossers Plutoids Kuiper belt Plutinos Cubewanos Scattered disc Detached objects Sednoids Hills cloud Oort cloud Hypothetical objects Vulcan Vulcanoids Phaeton Planet V Theia Fifth giant Planets beyond Neptune Tyche Nemesis Planet Nine Exploration (outline) Discovery Astronomy Timeline Spaceflight Robotic spacecraft Human spaceflight Colonization List of probes Timeline Mercury Venus Moon Mars Ceres Asteroids Mining Comets Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Deep space Outline of the Solar System Portals Solar System Astronomy Earth sciences Mars Jupiter Uranus Cosmology Solar System Local Interstellar Cloud Local Bubble Gould Belt Orion Arm Milky Way Milky Way subgroup Local Group Virgo Supercluster Laniakea Supercluster Observable universe Universe Each arrow () may be read as "within" or "part of"The exploration of Jupiter has consisted solely of a number of automated NASA spacecraft visiting the planet since 1973Pluto New Horizons mission operations manager Alice Bowman presents at SpaceStories 2016, The Explorers Clubv t e Spaceflight lists and timelines General All spaceflights outline records Rocket and missile technology Space exploration milestones Space Race Asian Space Race Human spaceflight General Manned spacecraft timeline Spaceflights 196170 197180 198190 19912000 200110 2011present by program Soviet Russian Vostok Soyuz Mercury Gemini Apollo Skylab Shenzhou Spacelab Salyut Expeditions Spaceflights manned unmanned Spacewalks Visitors Mir Expeditions Spaceflights manned unmanned Spacewalks Visitors ISS Expeditions Spaceflights manned unmanned Spacewalks Visitors Shuttle Crews Missions timeline Rollbacks People Astronauts by name by year of selection by first flight Apollo Gemini Chinese European Cosmonauts female Jewish Muslim Arab African-American Space travelers by name Space travelers by nationality timeline EVA 19651999 20002014 2015present Cumulative spacewalk records Spacewalkers Solar System exploration Timeline Interplanetary voyages Landings on other planets artificial objects Objects at Lagrangian points Probes active leaving the Solar System lunar probes Missions to the Moon Timeline of satellites Sample-return mission Mars Earth-orbiting satellites Climate research Communications satellite firsts CubeSats PocketQube Earth observation satellites timeline Geosynchronous orbit GOES Kosmos Magnetospheric NRO TDRS USA Vehicles Orbital launch systems Comparison Sounding rockets Spacecraft unmanned manned Upper stages Launches by rocket type Ariane Atlas Black Brant Falcon 9 and Heavy Long March Proton R-7 (including Semyorka, Molniya, Vostok, Voskhod and Soyuz) Scout Thor and Delta Titan V-2 tests Zenit Launches by spaceport Satish Dhawan Agencies, companies and facilities Communications satellite companies comparison Private spaceflight companies Rocket launch sites Space agencies Spacecraft manufacturers Other mission lists and timelines First orbital launches by country NASA missions Constellation missions Timeline of private spaceflight Timeline of longest spaceflights ^ "Project Phobos-Grunt YouTube"Economic analyses of the NASA programs often showed ongoing economic benefits (such as NASA spin-offs), generating many times the revenue of the cost of the program. It is also argued that space exploration would lead to the extraction of resources on other planets and especially asteroids, which contain billions of dollars worth of minerals and metalsLiving in spaceIn early 2007 the craft made use of a gravity assist from Jupiter
The Soviet Space Program achieved many of the first milestones, including the first living being in orbit in 1957, the first human spaceflight (Yuri Gagarin aboard Vostok 1) in 1961, the first spacewalk (by Aleksei Leonov) on 18 March 1965, the first automatic landing on another celestial body in 1966, and the launch of the first space station (Salyut 1) in 1971.Retrieved 26 December 2013^ "iTWire Scientists will look for alien life, but Where and How?"used German scientists and their captured rockets in programs for both military and civilian researchMain articles: Astrobiology and Extraterrestrial lifeRetrieved 8 September 2006Jet Propulsion LaboratoryAir jostles back and forth as the sound energy waves pass
Tupan Patera on Io Retrieved 28 August 2015Mariner 10 image of Venus ^ Lawler, Andrew (22 October 2009)The idea of using high level automated systems for space missions has become a desirable goal to space agencies all around the worldRetrieved 14 December 201614 September 2011
^ "Hope Mars Probe"An article in science magazine Nature suggested the use of asteroids as a gateway for space exploration, with the ultimate destination being Mars. In order to make such an approach viable, three requirements need to be fulfilled: first, "a thorough asteroid survey to find thousands of nearby bodies suitable for astronauts to visit"; second, "extending flight duration and distance capability to ever-increasing ranges out to Mars"; and finally, "developing better robotic vehicles and tools to enable astronauts to explore an asteroid regardless of its size, shape or spin." Furthermore, using asteroids would provide astronauts with protection from galactic cosmic rays, with mission crews being able to land on them in times of greater risk to radiation exposure.Retrieved 2017-05-31Many past and current concepts for the continued exploration and colonization of space focus on a return to the Moon as a "stepping stone" to the other planets, especially MarsVoyager 1 could have visited Pluto, but controllers opted instead for a close flyby of Saturn's moon Titan, resulting in a trajectory incompatible with a Pluto flybyValentina Tereshkova, the first woman in space, orbited Earth 48 times aboard Vostok 6 on 16 June 1963Archived from the original on 31 March 2012Space4Peace.orgThe European Space Agency's Columbus Module at the International Space Station, launched into space on the US Space Shuttle mission STS-122 in 2008 ^ Bhatt, Abhinav (5 November 2013) 5d8a9798ff